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Climate Action Report

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Climate Action Report

The 2016 Second Biennial Report of the United States of America presents the actions we are undertaking to deliver on our climate goals and to support our global partners. It begins with an overview of the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2013 (U.S.EPA/OAP 2015) and recent trends in U.S. emissions. It then details the components of The President’s Climate Action Plan (EOP 2013), shows how we are on track to reach our 2020 emission reduction target, and demonstrates how we are setting up the foundation to reach our ambitious 2025 target. It then describes how the United States is supporting the global effort through financial, technological, and capacity-building support to developing countries.

Mid Century Strategy

With the adoption of the Paris Agreement in December 2015, the world took a decisive step toward avoiding the most dangerous impacts of climate change. The Paris Agreement aims to hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. Consistent with this objective, Parties aim to balance greenhouse gas emissions sources and sinks in the second half of this century or, in effect, achieve net-zero global greenhouse gas emissions. Countries have submitted near-term targets to address greenhouse gas emissions, called "nationally determined contributions" or NDCs, and will review and extend these targets every five years. The Paris Agreement further invited countries to develop by 2020 "mid-century, long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies." This document answers that call for the United States, laying out a strategy to deeply decarbonize the U.S. economy by 2050.


The Cost of Air Pollution : Strengthening the Economic Case for Action

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The Cost of Air Pollution : Strengthening the Economic Case for Action


English PDF6.782MB 7,689 downloads
Arabic Summary3.292MB 269 downloads
Chinese Summary3.493MB 339 downloads
French Summary1.731MB 1,097 downloads
Spanish Summary3.343MB 522 downloads
The Cost of Air Pollution: Strengthening the economic case for action, a joint study of the World Bank and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), seeks to estimate the costs of premature deaths related to air pollution, to strengthen the case for action and facilitate decision making in the context of scarce resources. An estimated 5.5 million lives were lost in 2013 to diseases associated with outdoor and household air pollution, causing human suffering and reducing economic development. Those deaths cost the global economy about US$225 billion in lost labor income in 2013 and more than US$5 trillion in welfare losses, pointing toward the economic burden of air pollution.
“World Bank; Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. 2016. The Cost of Air Pollution : Strengthening the Economic Case for Action. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/25013 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”

New Energy Architecture: Enabling an effective transition

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New Energy Architecture: Enabling an effective transition

New Energy Architecture: Enabling an effective transitionThe way energy is produced, distributed and consumed around the world is currently undergoing fundamental change of almost unprecedented proportion. Many countries struggle to upgrade their energy systems to fully support current and future requirements of energy security and access, sustainability and economic growth.

This report, produced by the World Economic Forum in collaboration with Accenture, looks into pathways to creating a more effective transition towards a New Energy Architecture. It reveals how countries are progressing by applying the newly developed Energy Architecture Performance Index. In addition, two deep-dive country studies have been conducted on Japan and India. 

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Download the Full Report in Chinese
Read the Case Studies for Japan and India
Read the Executive Summary
Learn more about the Energy Community


UNDP Annual Report 2011/2012

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UNDP Annual Report 2011/2012: The Sustainable Future We Want

UNDP Annual Report 2011/2012: The Sustainable Future We Want

Document Summary 

UNDP has a presence on the ground in over 170 countries and territories and decades of concrete development experience in countries ranging from fragile States to middle-income countries like Brazil and Indonesia. This, combined with our four focus areas — poverty reduction and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); democratic governance; crisis prevention and recovery; and environment and sustainable development — make us uniquely situated and qualified to answer the UN’s call for a better and more sustainable future. 

Document Highlights

  • In Nepal, more than 50,000 people benefited from an off-grid network of micro-hydropower systems set up with support from UNDP and the World Bank; globally, with UNDP’s support, 41 countries adopted initiatives successfully increasing access to renewable and clean energy.
  • The Government of South Africa incorporated four pro-poor UNDP policy recommendations into its 20-year national development plan.
  • On 23 October 2011 — the date of Tunisia’s first free and democratic elections — 76 percent of the country’s 4.1 million registered voters cast their ballots, with critical support from UNDP and the European Union.
  • About 1.6 million people benefited from UNDP jobs programmes, including those established following major disasters.

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IPCC TECHNICAL PAPERS - Climate Change and Biodiversity

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  IPCC Technical Paper V - April 2002 

H Gitay, A Suárez, RT.Watson, DJ Dokken (Eds).

IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland. pp 85.

Available from IPCC Secretariat (English OUT OF PRINT) 

English | French | Spanish

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